nuclei 安装使用

[TOC]

一、前期安装配置

1、使用go安装

nuclei/README_CN.md at master · projectdiscovery/nuclei (github.com)

windows 10 安装go环境 - GreenForestQuan - 博客园 (cnblogs.com)

(1条消息) Linux 安装Go1.17_黑娃的博客-CSDN博客

go环境的配置与安装参照文章中安装即可。

安装nuclei

go install -v github.com/projectdiscovery/nuclei/v2/cmd/nuclei@latest

在安装过程中可能会出现下载不了的情况,按照下面链接修改为国内代理服务器即可。

(1条消息) 解决GO GET dial tcp 172.217.24.17:443: connect: connection refused问题_u011271250的博客-CSDN博客

image-20220222095201656

2、使用二进制文件(推荐)

Releases · projectdiscovery/nuclei (github.com)

nuclei_2.6.0_linux_arm64.zip 下载解压上传到服务器中

wget https://github.com/projectdiscovery/nuclei/releases/download/v2.6.0/nuclei_2.6.0_linux_amd64.zip
unzip nuclei_2.6.0_linux_amd64.zip

image-20220222101026350

进入nuclei所在目录./nuclei 运行即可

image-20220222101557168

3、kali一键安装

apt install nuclei

二、nuclei 简单使用测试

1、使用参数

Nuclei is a fast, template based vulnerability scanner focusing
on extensive configurability, massive extensibility and ease of use.

Usage:
  nuclei [flags]

Flags:
TARGET:
   -u, -target string[]  target URLs/hosts to scan
   -l, -list string      path to file containing a list of target URLs/hosts to scan (one per line)
   -resume               Resume scan using resume.cfg (clustering will be disabled)

TEMPLATES:
   -t, -templates string[]      template or template directory paths to include in the scan
   -tu, -template-url string[]  URL containing list of templates to run
   -nt, -new-templates          run only new templates added in latest nuclei-templates release
   -w, -workflows string[]      workflow or workflow directory paths to include in the scan
   -wu, -workflow-url string[]  URL containing list of workflows to run
   -validate                    validate the passed templates to nuclei
   -tl                          list all available templates

FILTERING:
   -tags string[]                    execute a subset of templates that contain the provided tags
   -itags, -include-tags string[]    tags from the default deny list that permit executing more intrusive templates
   -etags, -exclude-tags string[]    exclude templates with the provided tags
   -it, -include-templates string[]  templates to be executed even if they are excluded either by default or configuration
   -et, -exclude-templates string[]  template or template directory paths to exclude
   -s, -severity value[]             Templates to run based on severity. Possible values: info, low, medium, high, critical
   -es, -exclude-severity value[]    Templates to exclude based on severity. Possible values: info, low, medium, high, critical
   -pt, -type value[]                protocol types to be executed. Possible values: dns, file, http, headless, network, workflow, ssl, websocket, whois
   -ept, -exclude-type value[]       protocol types to not be executed. Possible values: dns, file, http, headless, network, workflow, ssl, websocket, whois
   -a, -author string[]              execute templates that are (co-)created by the specified authors
   -id, -template-id string[]        List of template IDs to run (comma-separated, file)
   -eid, -exclude-id string[]        List of template IDs to exclude (comma-separated, file)

OUTPUT:
   -o, -output string            output file to write found issues/vulnerabilities
   -silent                       display findings only
   -nc, -no-color                disable output content coloring (ANSI escape codes)
   -json                         write output in JSONL(ines) format
   -irr, -include-rr             include request/response pairs in the JSONL output (for findings only)
   -nm, -no-meta                 don't display match metadata
   -nts, -no-timestamp           don't display timestamp metadata in CLI output
   -rdb, -report-db string       local nuclei reporting database (always use this to persist report data)
   -ms, -matcher-status          show optional match failure status
   -me, -markdown-export string  directory to export results in markdown format
   -se, -sarif-export string     file to export results in SARIF format

CONFIGURATIONS:
   -config string              path to the nuclei configuration file
   -rc, -report-config string  nuclei reporting module configuration file
   -H, -header string[]        custom headers in header:value format
   -V, -var value              custom vars in var=value format
   -r, -resolvers string       file containing resolver list for nuclei
   -sr, -system-resolvers      use system DNS resolving as error fallback
   -passive                    enable passive HTTP response processing mode
   -ev, -env-vars              enable environment variables to be used in template
   -cc, -client-cert string    client certificate file (PEM-encoded) used for authenticating against scanned hosts
   -ck, -client-key string     client key file (PEM-encoded) used for authenticating against scanned hosts
   -ca, -client-ca string      client certificate authority file (PEM-encoded) used for authenticating against scanned hosts
   -ztls                       Use ztls library with autofallback to standard one for tls13

INTERACTSH:
   -iserver, -interactsh-server string  interactsh server url for self-hosted instance (default: oast.pro,oast.live,oast.site,oast.online,oast.fun,oast.me)
   -itoken, -interactsh-token string    authentication token for self-hosted interactsh server
   -interactions-cache-size int         number of requests to keep in the interactions cache (default 5000)
   -interactions-eviction int           number of seconds to wait before evicting requests from cache (default 60)
   -interactions-poll-duration int      number of seconds to wait before each interaction poll request (default 5)
   -interactions-cooldown-period int    extra time for interaction polling before exiting (default 5)
   -ni, -no-interactsh                  disable interactsh server for OAST testing, exclude OAST based templates

RATE-LIMIT:
   -rl, -rate-limit int            maximum number of requests to send per second (default 150)
   -rlm, -rate-limit-minute int    maximum number of requests to send per minute
   -bs, -bulk-size int             maximum number of hosts to be analyzed in parallel per template (default 25)
   -c, -concurrency int            maximum number of templates to be executed in parallel (default 25)
   -hbs, -headless-bulk-size int   maximum number of headless hosts to be analyzed in parallel per template (default 10)
   -hc, -headless-concurrency int  maximum number of headless templates to be executed in parallel (default 10)

OPTIMIZATIONS:
   -timeout int               time to wait in seconds before timeout (default 5)
   -retries int               number of times to retry a failed request (default 1)
   -mhe, -max-host-error int  max errors for a host before skipping from scan (default 30)
   -project                   use a project folder to avoid sending same request multiple times
   -project-path string       set a specific project path
   -spm, -stop-at-first-path  stop processing HTTP requests after the first match (may break template/workflow logic)
   -stream                    Stream mode - start elaborating without sorting the input

HEADLESS:
   -headless            enable templates that require headless browser support (root user on linux will disable sandbox)
   -page-timeout int    seconds to wait for each page in headless mode (default 20)
   -sb, -show-browser   show the browser on the screen when running templates with headless mode
   -sc, -system-chrome  Use local installed chrome browser instead of nuclei installed

DEBUG:
   -debug                    show all requests and responses
   -debug-req                show all sent requests
   -debug-resp               show all received responses
   -p, -proxy string[]       List of HTTP(s)/SOCKS5 proxy to use (comma separated or file input)
   -tlog, -trace-log string  file to write sent requests trace log
   -elog, -error-log string  file to write sent requests error log
   -version                  show nuclei version
   -v, -verbose              show verbose output
   -vv                       display templates loaded for scan
   -tv, -templates-version   shows the version of the installed nuclei-templates

UPDATE:
   -update                        update nuclei engine to the latest released version
   -ut, -update-templates         update nuclei-templates to latest released version
   -ud, -update-directory string  overwrite the default directory to install nuclei-templates
   -duc, -disable-update-check    disable automatic nuclei/templates update check

STATISTICS:
   -stats                    display statistics about the running scan
   -sj, -stats-json          write statistics data to an output file in JSONL(ines) format
   -si, -stats-interval int  number of seconds to wait between showing a statistics update (default 5)
   -m, -metrics              expose nuclei metrics on a port
   -mp, -metrics-port int    port to expose nuclei metrics on (default 9092)

2、单个目标扫描

./nuclei -u http://172.16.10.5

image-20220222103440427

image-20220222103459432

三、nuclei 模板编写初探

1、编写模板

漏洞验证工具nuclei官方模版编写中文译文归档 | x7peeps (xtpeeps.cn)

简介 - Nuclei - 社区驱动的漏洞扫描程序 (projectdiscovery.io)

id: ECOLORY_9_Xstream_Deserialization 

info:
  name: ECOLORY_9_Xstream1.3_Deserialization 
  author: yulate
  severity: high
  reference: https://cangqingzhe.github.io/2021/05/15/%E6%B3%9B%E5%BE%AEXstream%E5%8F%8D%E5%BA%8F%E5%88%97%E5%8C%96%E6%BC%8F%E6%B4%9E%E5%88%86%E6%9E%90/
  tags: deserialization,ecolory

requests:
  - raw:
    - |
      POST /services/WorkflowServiceXml HTTP/1.1
      Host: {{Hostname}}
      User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:68.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/68.0
      Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
      Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
      Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
      Connection: close
      Cookie: ecology_JSessionid=aaaUAAjpfASw1aok7Ik8x; JSESSIONID=aaaUAAjpfASw1aok7Ik8x; __randcode__=0a5ffe18-ed71-411d-967d-d13680450da0
      Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
      Cache-Control: max-age=0
      Content-Length: 347
      Content-Type: text/xml

      <soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" xmlns:web="webservices.services.weaver.com.cn">
        <soapenv:Header/>
        <soapenv:Body>
            <web:doCreateWorkflowRequest>
          <web:string></web:string>
              <web:string>2</web:string>
            </web:doCreateWorkflowRequest>
        </soapenv:Body>
      </soapenv:Envelope>

    matchers:
      - type: word
        part: body
        words:
          - "doCreateWorkflowRequestResponse"
        condition: and

      - type: status
        status:
          - 200

在进行模板编写中需注意id不能存在特殊字符,如.

{{BaseURL}}       原始读取的URL 
{{Hostname}}      请求头中的Host

raw处为http真实请求数据包,在编写模板前可以使用bp发送数据包进行漏洞测试,将发送的数据包复制到raw处即可。

matchers部分为匹配respone回显包,本文的示例模板为word的匹配,该类型的匹配会和回显的内容进行对比,如果匹配成功就会显示有该漏洞。

2、模板使用

./nuclei -u http://172.16.10.3 -t ./POC/ECOLORY_9.0_DESER.yaml -p http://127.0.0.1:8080
  • -u 指定扫描目标
  • -t 指定使用的扫描模板
  • -p 指定使用的代理

image-20220222115038487

这里可以看到成功扫描出漏洞

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